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Wednesday, June 5, 2013

The Enigma Variations Ciphers


He who fears is half dead.

Elgar’s solution to an 1896 cipher by John Holt Schooling

A nine-year investigation of the Enigma Variations uncovered over ninety different cryptograms. While seemingly extraordinary, this is entirely consistent with a reigning facet of Elgar’s psychological profile–an intense fascination for ciphers. More importantly, their decryptions are critical as they give definitive answers to the central questions posed by the Variations. What is the secret melody to which the Enigma Theme is a counterpoint and on which the ensuing movements are based? Answer: Ein feste Burg (A Mighty Fortress) by Martin Luther. What is the “dark saying” associated with the Enigma Theme? Answer: A Music Box Cipher embedded in the opening six measures of the Enigma Theme. Who is the secret friend and inspiration behind Variation XIII? Answer: Jesus Christ, the Lord and Savior of Elgar’s Roman Catholic faith. To learn more about the diverse ciphers of the Enigma Variations and their decryptions, consult the list below with links to more in-depth explanations.
  1. Program Anagram
  2. Enigma Dedication Ciphers
  3. Enigma Score Dates EFB Cipher
  4. Enigma Variations Keys Cipher
  5. Enigma Variations Key Numbers Cipher
  6. Enigma Theme Clefs Cipher
  7. Enigma Theme Structure Cipher
  8. Enigma Theme Falling Sevenths Cipher
  9. Enigma Theme Relative Modes Cipher
  10. Enigma Wordplay Cipher
  11. Enigma Theme Tempo Marking Cipher
  12. Enigma Psalm 46 Cipher
  13. Enigma Locks Cipher
  14. Enigma Theme Locks Initials Cipher
  15. Enigma Theme Keys Cipher
  16. Enigma Theme Music Box Cipher
  17. Enigma Theme Elegy Cipher
  18. Enigma Theme Craeg Lea Cipher
  19. Enigma Theme Timpani Tuning Cipher
  20. Enigma Bridge Passage Opus Dei Cipher
  21. Enigma Bridge Passage Psalm 46 Ciphers
  22. Enigma Bridge Passage Tau Ciphers
  23. Related Enigma Bridge Passage Words Ciphers
  24. Enigma Theme Double Bars “Dead” Cipher
  25. A.M.D.G. Cipher
  26. I AM Cipher
  27. Pi Cipher
  28. Pi-C Cipher
  29. God Cipher
  30. 24 Cipher
  31. German Sixth Cipher
  32. Plagal Cadence Cipher
  33. Hyphen Cipher
  34. Second Bridge Passage Melodic Anagram Cipher
  35. Ysobel’s ea Crossing Ciphers
  36. Second Bridge Passage IHC Christogram Cipher
  37. Rehearsal 19 PAPE Cipher
  38. Proximate Initials “Parry” Cipher
  39. Second Bridge Passage “EE” and “ED” Ciphers
  40. Third Bridge Passage Ciphers
  41. Nimrod Cipher
  42. Nimrod Varying Tempi Cipher
  43. Nimrod Timpani Cipher
  44. IX Cipher
  45. Biblical Names Cipher
  46. Variation XIII ML Cipher
  47. L Cipher
  48. Variation XIII Loethe Cipher
  49. Variation XIII Luther’s Asterisks Cipher
  50. Star Cipher
  51. FAE Cipher
  52. FAE Syllables Cipher
  53. Mendelssohn Fragments Junker Jörg Cipher
  54. Frei Acrostic Anagram Cipher
  55. FACE Cipher
  56. Variation XIII See Holy Face Cipher
  57. Pope Leo XIII Cipher
  58. Dual Initials Enigma Cipher
  59. Mendelssohn Fragments Scale Degrees Cipher
  60. Mendelssohn Clarinet Solo Nominal Notes Cipher
  61. Rehearsal 55 Clarinet Solo Cipher
  62. Variation XIII Clarinet Key Signature Cipher
  63. Mendelssohn Keynotes Cipher
  64. Mendelssohn Psalm 46 Cipher
  65. Music Anagram Cipher
  66. XIII Cipher
  67. Romanza Cipher
  68. Chi-Ro Cipher
  69. Mendelssohn Pi Cipher
  70. Mendelssohn Pi-C Cipher
  71. Mendelssohn Fragments Melodic Intervals Cipher
  72. Mendelssohn Fragments Major Keys Cipher
  73. Mendelssohn Fragments Clefs Cipher
  74. See Abba Mendelssohn Cipher
  75. Mendelssohn-Wagner Melodic Merger Cipher
  76. Mendelssohn Quotations Accidentals Cipher
  77. Mendelssohn Quotations Elimination Cipher
  78. Mendelssohn Fragments Solo Passages Cipher
  79. Mendelssohn Quotations Polybius Box Cipher
  80. Dominant-Tonic-Dominant (5-1-5) Cipher
  81. 515 Ciphers
  82. DEAD G-D Cipher
  83. Letters Cluster Cipher
  84. Rehearsal 66 Cipher
  85. Six 6-Letter Names Cipher
  86. Tasso Position Cipher
  87. Tasso Performance Direction Cipher
  88. Luther DOD Cipher
  89. Hyperion Cipher
  90. Divine Comedy Ciphers
  91. General Gordon Ciphers
  92. Cross Reference Ciphers
  93. Extended Finale Acrostic Anagram EFB Cipher
  94. Proximate Title Letters Enigma Ciphers
Conclusion
The interrelated decryptions of the Enigma Variations Ciphers are mutually reinforcing and consistent, erecting an elaborate yet rational series of solutions to one of music history’s enduring mysteries. With so many ciphers pinpointing the same set of answers, there is no room for doubt. The ciphers are genuine, so the solutions must be correct and valid. The secret melody to the Enigma Variations is Ein feste Burg by Martin Luther. The secret friend of Variation XIII is Jesus Christ, Elgar’s inspiration behind not only the Enigma Variations but also to his sacred oratorios: The Light of Life, The Dream of Gerontius, The Apostles, and The Kingdom. To learn more about the secrets of the Enigma Variations, read my free eBook Elgar’s Enigmas Exposed.

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About Mr. Padgett

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Mr. Padgett studied violin with Michael Rosenker (a student of Leopold Auer), and Rosenker’s pupil, Owen Dunsford. Mr. Padgett studied piano with Sally Magee (a student of Emanuel Bay), and Blanca Uribe, a student of Rosina Lhévinne. He attended the Stevenson School in Pebble Beach, California, and Vassar College in Poughkeepsie, New York, where he graduated Phi Beta Kappa with a degree in psychology. At Vassar he studied music theory and composition with Richard Wilson. Mr. Padgett has performed for Joseph Silverstein, Van Cliburn, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Maria Shriver, Steve Jobs, Prince Charles, Lady Camilla, Marcia Davenport, William F. Buckley, Jr., and other prominent public figures. His original compositions have been performed by the Monterey Symphony, at the Bohemian Grove, the Bohemian Club, and other private and public venues. In 2008 Mr. Padgett won the Max Bragado-Darman Fanfare Competition with his entry "Fanfare for the Eagles." It was premiered by the Monterey Symphony under Maestro Bragado in May 2008. A member of the Elgar Society, Mr. Padgett is married with five children.