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Wednesday, June 5, 2013

The Enigma Variations Ciphers


He who fears is half dead.

Elgar’s solution to an 1896 cipher by John Holt Schooling

A nine-year investigation of the Enigma Variations uncovered over ninety-nine different cryptograms. While seemingly extraordinary, this is entirely consistent with a reigning facet of Elgar’s psychological profile–an intense fascination for ciphers. More importantly, their decryptions are critical as they give definitive answers to the central questions posed by the Variations. What is the secret melody to which the Enigma Theme is a counterpoint and on which the ensuing movements are based? Answer: Ein feste Burg (A Mighty Fortress) by Martin Luther. What is the “dark saying” associated with the Enigma Theme? Answer: A Music Box Cipher embedded in the opening six measures of the Enigma Theme. Who is the secret friend and inspiration behind Variation XIII? Answer: Jesus Christ, the Lord and Savior of Elgar’s Roman Catholic faith. To learn more about the diverse ciphers of the Enigma Variations and their decryptions, consult the list below with links to more in-depth explanations.
  1. Program Anagram
  2. 1899 Program Note Quotations Ciphers
  3. Maeterlinck Enigma Ciphers
  4. Enigma Dedication Ciphers
  5. Enigma Title Word Lengths Cipher
  6. Enigma Title Page Square Word Lengths Cipher
  7. Enigma Score Dates EFB Cipher
  8. Title Page Box Cipher
  9. Enigma Variations Keys Cipher
  10. Enigma Variations Key Numbers Cipher
  11. Enigma Theme Clefs Cipher
  12. Enigma Theme Structure Cipher
  13. Enigma Theme Falling Sevenths Cipher
  14. Enigma Theme Relative Modes Cipher
  15. Enigma Wordplay Cipher
  16. Enigma Theme Tempo Marking Cipher
  17. Enigma Psalm 46 Cipher
  18. Enigma Locks Cipher
  19. Enigma Theme Locks Initials Cipher
  20. Enigma Theme Keys Cipher
  21. Enigma Theme Music Box Cipher
  22. Enigma Theme Elegy Cipher
  23. Enigma Theme Craeg Lea Cipher
  24. Enigma Theme Timpani Tuning Cipher
  25. Enigma Bridge Passage Opus Dei Cipher
  26. Enigma Bridge Passage Psalm 46 Ciphers
  27. Enigma Bridge Passage Tau Ciphers
  28. Related Enigma Bridge Passage Words Ciphers
  29. Enigma Theme Double Bars “Dead” Cipher
  30. Enigma Theme "GAG" Cipher
  31. A.M.D.G. Cipher
  32. I AM Cipher
  33. Pi Cipher
  34. Pi-C Cipher
  35. God Cipher
  36. 24 Cipher
  37. German Sixth Cipher
  38. Plagal Cadence Cipher
  39. Hyphen Cipher
  40. Second Bridge Passage Melodic Anagram Cipher
  41. Ysobel’s Sea Crossing Ciphers
  42. Second Bridge Passage IHC Christogram Cipher
  43. Rehearsal 19 PAPE Cipher
  44. Proximate Initials “Parry” Cipher
  45. Second Bridge Passage “EE” and “ED” Ciphers
  46. Third Bridge Passage Ciphers
  47. Nimrod Cipher
  48. Nimrod Varying Tempi Cipher
  49. Nimrod Timpani Cipher
  50. IX Cipher
  51. Three Bridge Passages Ciphers
  52. Biblical Names Cipher
  53. Variation XIII ML Cipher
  54. L Cipher
  55. Variation XIII Loethe Cipher
  56. Variation XIII Luther’s Asterisks Cipher
  57. Star Cipher
  58. Variation XIII REX Cipher
  59. FAE Cipher
  60. FAE Syllables Cipher
  61. Mendelssohn Fragments Junker Jörg Cipher
  62. Frei Acrostic Anagram Cipher
  63. FACE Cipher
  64. "I See A Face" Cipher
  65. Variation XIII See Holy Face Cipher
  66. Pope Leo XIII Cipher
  67. Dual Initials Enigma Cipher
  68. Mendelssohn Fragments Scale Degrees Cipher
  69. Mendelssohn Clarinet Solo Nominal Notes Cipher
  70. Rehearsal 55 Clarinet Solo Cipher
  71. Variation XIII Clarinet Key Signature Cipher
  72. Mendelssohn Keynotes Cipher
  73. Mendelssohn Psalm 46 Cipher
  74. Music Anagram Cipher
  75. XIII Cipher
  76. Romanza Cipher
  77. Chi-Ro Cipher
  78. Mendelssohn Pi Cipher
  79. Mendelssohn Pi-C Cipher
  80. Mendelssohn Fragments Melodic Intervals Cipher
  81. Mendelssohn Fragments Major Keys Cipher
  82. Mendelssohn Fragments Clefs Cipher
  83. See Abba Mendelssohn Cipher
  84. Mendelssohn-Wagner Melodic Merger Cipher
  85. Mendelssohn Quotations Accidentals Cipher
  86. Mendelssohn Quotations Elimination Cipher
  87. Mendelssohn Fragments Solo Passages Cipher
  88. Mendelssohn Quotations Polybius Box Cipher
  89. Dominant-Tonic-Dominant (5-1-5) Cipher
  90. 515 Ciphers
  91. DEAD G-D Cipher
  92. Letters Cluster Cipher
  93. Rehearsal 66 Cipher
  94. Six 6-Letter Names Cipher
  95. Tasso Position Cipher
  96. Tasso Performance Direction Cipher
  97. Luther DOD Cipher
  98. Hyperion Cipher
  99. Divine Comedy Ciphers
  100. General Gordon Ciphers
  101. Cross Reference Ciphers
  102. Extended Finale Acrostic Anagram EFB Cipher
  103. Proximate Title Letters Enigma Ciphers
  104. German Sixth Enigma Ciphers
  105. Organo Label Ciphers
Conclusion
The interrelated decryptions of the Enigma Variations Ciphers are mutually reinforcing and consistent, erecting an elaborate yet rational series of solutions to one of music history’s enduring mysteries. With so many ciphers pinpointing the same set of answers, there is no room for doubt. The ciphers are genuine, so the solutions must be correct and valid. The secret melody to the Enigma Variations is Ein feste Burg by Martin Luther. The secret friend of Variation XIII is Jesus Christ, Elgar’s inspiration behind not only the Enigma Variations but also to his sacred oratorios: The Light of Life, The Dream of Gerontius, The Apostles, and The Kingdom. To learn more about the secrets of the Enigma Variations, read my free eBook Elgar’s Enigmas Exposed.

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About Mr. Padgett

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Mr. Padgett studied violin with Michael Rosenker (a student of Leopold Auer), and Rosenker’s pupil, Owen Dunsford. Mr. Padgett studied piano with Sally Magee (a student of Emanuel Bay), and Blanca Uribe (a student of Rosina Lhévinne). He attended the Stevenson School in Pebble Beach, California, and Vassar College in Poughkeepsie, New York, where he graduated Phi Beta Kappa with a degree in psychology. At Vassar he studied music theory and composition with Richard Wilson. Mr. Padgett has performed for Joseph Silverstein, Van Cliburn, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Maria Shriver, Steve Jobs, Prince Charles, Lady Camilla, Marcia Davenport, William F. Buckley, Jr., and other prominent public figures. His original compositions have been performed by the Monterey Symphony, at the Bohemian Grove, the Bohemian Club, and other private and public venues. In 2008 Mr. Padgett won the Max Bragado-Darman Fanfare Competition with his entry "Fanfare for the Eagles." It was premiered by the Monterey Symphony under Maestro Bragado in May 2008. A member of the Elgar Society, Mr. Padgett is married with five children.