“You are not only responsible for what you say, but also for what you do not say.”
The Enigma Variations hold at least forty-one ciphers, and it is highly probably there are even more awaiting discovery. These secret codes are incredibly important because they encode the answers to Elgar’s sphinxian riddles. What is the secret melody behind the Enigma Theme? What is the secret ‘dark saying’ hidden within the Enigma Theme? Who is the secret friend portrayed in Variation XIII? The covert Principal Theme is Ein feste Burg (A Mighty Fortress), the famous Reformation hymn by Martin Luther. No one would ever guess a Roman Catholic composer like Elgar would surreptitiously quote the battle hymn of the Reformation, a piece composed by a heretic excommunicated by the Pope. The Enigma Theme’s "dark saying" is an incredibly ingenious Music Box Cipher. The secret friend portrayed in Variation XIII is Jesus Christ, the Lord of Elgar’s Roman Catholic faith. A discreet subset of these ciphers identifies the Turin Shroud, the most studied religious artifact in history that is believed to be the burial cloth of Christ.
These solutions to Elgar’s enigmas are highly unpalatable to secular scholars like Julian Rushton who reflexively attribute them to coincidence, confirmation bias, and even contrivance. Ultimately the only thing that is contrived is Rushton's vacuous objections. Like the Bible they routinely disparage, academics contend the Enigma ciphers and their decryptions must all be concocted in some elaborate ruse to misinform and mislead rather than to enlighten and guide. If the ciphers are merely the product of an overactive or determined imagination, how then does one account for their precise and consistent solutions? For example, there are at least six different ciphers that produce the solution letters EFB, the initials for Ein feste Burg. The first is the Keys Cipher in the Enigma Theme. The second is the Mendelssohn Cipher in Variation XIII. The third is the Letter Cluster Cipher in Variations XII and XIV. The fourth is the Enigma Date Cipher at the end of the original score. The fifth is the Dominant-Tonic-Dominant (5-1-5) Cipher embedded in the Mendelssohn fragments of Variation XIII. Finally, Elgar traced a box on the original cover page of the score and wrote the letters "FEb" not once, but twice! With so many ciphers pinpointing the same set of initials, is it entirely untenable to insist they are all coincidental or imagined.
The interrelated decryptions of the Enigma Variations Ciphers are mutually consistent and reinforcing, erecting an elaborate yet rational set of solutions to one of musicology’s enduring mysteries. With so many ciphers pinpointing the same answers, there is no room for doubt. The ciphers are genuine, so the answers must be true and correct. The secret melody to the Enigma Variations is Ein feste Burg by Martin Luther. The secret friend of Variation XIII is Jesus Christ, Elgar’s inspiration behind not only the Enigma Variations but also to his sacred oratorios: The Light of Life, The Dream of Gerontius, The Apostles, and The Kingdom. To learn more about the secrets of the Enigma Variations, read my free eBook Elgar’s Enigmas Exposed.